Half of world’s teens experience peer violence in and around school – UNICEF
Physical fights and bullying disrupt the education of 150 million 13-15-year-olds worldwide including Sri Lanka
COLOMBO, 6 September 2018 – Half of students aged 13 to 15 worldwide – around 150 million – report having experienced peer-to-peer violence in and around school, according to a new report released by UNICEF today.
An Everyday Lesson: #ENDviolence in Schools says that peer violence – measured as the number of children who report having been bullied in the last month or having been involved in a physical fight in the last year – is a pervasive part of young people’s education around the world. It impacts student learning and well-being in rich and poor countries alike.
“Education is the key to building peaceful societies, and yet, for millions of children around the world, school itself is not safe,” said UNICEF Executive Director Henrietta Fore. “Every day, students face multiple dangers, including fighting, pressure to join gangs, bullying – both in person and online, violent discipline, sexual harassment and armed violence. In the short-term this impacts their learning, and in the long-term it can lead to depression, anxiety and even suicide. Violence is an unforgettable lesson that no child needs to learn.”
The report outlines a variety of ways students face violence in and around the classroom. According to the latest available data:
- Globally, slightly more than 1 in 3 students aged 13-15 experience bullying, and roughly the same proportion are involved in physical fights.
- 3 in 10 students in 39 industrialised countries admit to bullying peers.
- Nearly 720 million school-aged children live in countries, including Sri Lanka, where corporal punishment at school is not fully prohibited.
- While girls and boys are equally at risk of bullying, girls are more likely to become victims of psychological forms of bullying and boys are more at risk of physical violence and threats.
- In Sri Lanka, 43.8 per cent of students aged 13 to 17 were involved in a physical fight one or more times in the past 12 months, out of which 54.9 per cent of cases were boys.
- 4 per cent of Sri Lankan students aged 13 to 15 had been bullied one or more days during the 30 days before the survey, out of which 50.2 per cent were boys and 28.8 per cent girls.
- A study conducted by the National Child Protection Authority also found that, 80.4 per cent of students reported having experienced at least one episode of corporal punishment in the past term.
“What we need to understand is that violence impacts children and young people in many ways. And particularly for children in schools it has far-reaching consequences, such as decreased self-esteem and inability to learn and succeed. Some may even drop out of school altogether – ultimately making school an unpleasant place” said the UNICEF Representative for Sri Lanka, Tim Sutton.
According to the UNICEF global report, the cost of not acting is unacceptably high – for children, their families and communities, and for society as a whole. Toxic stress associated with violence in early childhood can impair brain development and damage the nervous system. Furthermore, children who experience violence are more likely than other children to become perpetrators or victims later in life.
‘Violence in schools is so common it may seem that there is nothing we can do stop it. But we can. It’s entirely preventable. And because we can prevent it, we must, classroom by classroom, school by school, district by district, we can #ENDviolence in every school across Sri Lanka. We must Stand Up, Speak out and End Violence.” said Tim Sutton
An Everyday Lesson: #ENDviolence in Schools is released as part of the UNICEF #ENDviolence global campaign. It is also part of a collective effort to shed light on and spark action to #ENDviolence in and around schools by organizations including UNICEF, the United Kingdom’s Department for International Development (DFID), UNESCO, other members of the Global Partnership to End Violence Against Children and UN Girls Education Initiative (UNGEI).
To end violence in schools, UNICEF and partners are calling for urgent action in the following areas:
- Implementing policies and legislation to protect students from violence in schools.
- Strengthening prevention and response measures in schools.
- Urging communities and individuals to join students as they speak up about violence and work to change the culture of classrooms and communities.
- Making more effective and targeted investments in proven solutions that help students and schools stay safe.
- Collecting better, disaggregated data on violence against children in and around schools and sharing what works.
The global call for action amplifies one of the key recommendations by the UN Committee on the Rights of the Child, which called for Sri Lanka to prohibit corporal punishment by law, in all settings, repeal any legal defense, and to ensure that these laws are effectively implemented.
UNICEF is encouraging young people around the world to raise their voices to #ENDviolence in and around schools by holding a number of #ENDviolence Youth Talks around the world including in Sri Lanka. This will give young people a platform to share their experiences of violence and voice what they need to feel safe in and around school, which will inform a set of recommendations to global leaders.
In July 2018, UNICEF Goodwill Ambassador, Lilly Singh, launched the first Youth Talk in South Africa with a group of students aged 13 to 19. The UNICEF Report, photos and b-roll, including of UNICEF Goodwill Ambassador Lilly Singh in South Africa, is available for download here.